CBG vs. CBD: differences, advantages, and usage

CBG vs. CBD: differences, advantages, and usage

CBD has become more popular over the years. There have been various studies conducted about the advantages of cannabinoids, especially CBD. However, CBD isn’t the only beneficial cannabinoid synthesized in Cannabis sativa. 

Lately, CBG has been gaining more attention from researchers. They found out that CBD and CBG have similar characteristics, but CBG also has some unique qualities that makes CBG just as interesting to use as CBD.

In this article, we will talk about the differences between CBD and CBG, as well as the advantages and how to use them. First things first, let’s discuss what these cannabinoids are exactly. 

What is CBD?

CBD stands for Cannabidiol, a chemical extracted from the Cannabis sativa. It is a non-intoxicating phytocannabinoid, which means CBD will not get you ‘high’ since it doesn’t, or in a very small percentage, contain THC. 

CBD is not psychoactive and is an extract that many believe has positive effects on the body, as well as on the mind. It helps them to relax both body and mind.

If you want to learn more about CBD, then check out our blog on what CBD is

What is CBG? 

CBG stands for Cannabigerol. Just like CBD, CBG is also a non-intoxicating phytocannabinoid. 

Many refer to CBG as a “mother cannabinoid.” The reason why people call it that is because it is the first phytocannabinoid in hemp that converts into other plant-based cannabinoids by synthetization. 

CBD starts as CBGA; Cannabigerol acid. When hemp matures, CBGA starts converting into tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), and cannabichromenic acid (CBCA).

When CBGA converts into these other three compounds, less than one percent of the CBGA is left. After this, the hemp will begin its decarboxylation process. This is when all the compounds drop their carboxyl acid, turning into the cannabinoids we all know, namely THC, CBD, CBC, and CBG. 

There is less CBG available because a mature hemp plant contains a low percentage of CBG. It takes a lot more effort to extract CBG than CBD from the hemp plant. Having less CBG around means it’s harder to research this cannabinoid. Conducted research shows that CBG can bind to CB1 and CB2 receptors in your endocannabinoid system. 

What is the difference between CBD and CBG? 

There are many similarities between CBD and CBG however, there also are a few differences. In this table, we will show you the differences. 







Extracted from hemp



Abundant amounts found in hemp


Present only in hemp’s early growth cycle


Converts into other cannabinoids


Works with endocannabinoid system (ECS)



Binds to both cannabinoid receptors


Offers wholesome benefits



How do you use them? 

CBD comes in many forms, from oils to topicals. If you want to know how to use CBD, check out our blog about topical and oral CBD.

If you want to try CBG, you could consider purchasing a bottle of full spectrum CBD oil and place drops of this oil tinctures under your tongue and leave it there for 30-60 seconds, before you swallow.

What are the benefits of CBD? 

CBD molecules bind to the CB1 receptors, which connect to our peripheral nervous system. This system reaches muscles, limbs, skin, and other biological systems, including the immune system. By binding to this system, you will experience relaxation of your body. It will also have positive effects on your mental state and many other physical discomforts. 

What are the benefits of CBG? 

CBG binds to the CB1 and CB2 receptors. Because of this, CBG will give you similar effects as the CBD. However, there are some differences. CBG is a strong blocker of the TRPM8-receptor. This receptor plays a role in bladder gas, an overactive urinary bladder, and prostate cancer.

A study conducted in 2017 on rats showed that CBG encouraged them to eat more, while CBD caused them to eat less. 

Which is best for you? 

CBD and CBG work best when they are used together. Using them together will give you the optimal effects of both compounds. If you’re looking to try either of them, we suggest trying the full spectrum CBD oil. These CBD oils also contain CBG, giving you the best of both worlds.